Nikasil cylinders being pulled to make various inspections. Bores in these are electroplated with a very thin layer of nickel-silicon carbide. This makes them extremely slippery as well as very durable. Originally created for the 917, they remain the cylinders of choice for high performance Porsche engines.
Carbs have been re-jetted in RSR clone. Cylinder air flow is now being finely tuned so that all cylinders will breathe equally. Basically, this is air flow balancing.
Engine has total of 4 broken head studs---2 on this side at #4 and #6 and 2 on the other side. When studs break, the related head's fastening is unbalanced (due to the broken stud.) This causes damage to / rounding of the head's mating surface. These were rounded by 0.001". Doesn't seem like much but that small measure is unacceptable in a Porsche engine. These heads were subsequently milled perfectly flat---the way they were when this engine was new.
Customer's car after being lowered and raked 2 degrees. This refinement improves both cornering and straight-line stability as well as front-end braking. Drive this car and exactly the same Porsche in stock stance geometry and you'll immediately notice the improved handling & control given by this refinement.
Rebuild of 3.2 engine nears completion. Before owner takes control, I'll treat it to a very specific break-in procedure culminating with an oil & filter change. When done, this engine will perform like new.
RSR clone has just arrived for engine performance adjustments.
To get an engine's full power potential, it is essential to precisely time the cams on both sides. Here, the dial gauge indicates a precision setting on this cam.
ARP studs installed. This is an excellent upgrade when replacing stock studs as ARPs will last indefinitely.
356 replica has been brought in with ignition and handling issues. Bad wiring done on "upgraded" ignition components is found. Handling problem is two-fold: 2 out-of-round wheel rims, and bad bushings. Corrections are made to return ignition and handling to premium form.
Cleaned, inspected and measured Turbo pistons & cylinders. With all specs in factory order, only a new set of rings is needed to restore this engine's compression to peak performance.
New piston rings are visually inspected prior to weighing each set. Ultimately, swap-allowable components will be moved among assemblies to minimize weight deviation. The goal being to optimize reciprocating balance without the need/cost for machining. We'll discuss the final weight deviation with the owner who can decide to machine if greater precision is desired.
Plugs are revealing of an engine's operating condition. Here, cylinder 6 has extreme issues... bad rings and/or a worn intake valve guide and/or seal. Based on the information given here alone, this engine's performance is significantly lacking. We'll show these to the owner and speak about what corrective paths might be taken. (Owner's decision was to rebuild.)
Night shift at 73rd Ave shop.
Case is prepped to receive new rod journal bearings. (With crank journals in excellent condition, there's no need to split this case.) Clean mating surfaces are essential to the durability of a rebuilt engine. Look closely at cylinder seats---super clean.
'80 CIS engine with nearly 300,000 miles has just been removed from its companion chassis. This engine and transmission are scheduled for a comprehensive rebuild. A set budget is already given so we are clear on what the owner wants/expects before proceeding.
Connecting rods with new journal bearings. Together with their piston assemblies, these have been balanced to within 0.5 grams deviation. To make this worthwhile, crank and flywheel must also be balanced to the same tolerance. The result is a very smooth running engine with exceptional durability.
After many years of experience, it's possible to tune an engine by sound & touch alone. Here, a 3.2 is being run through low, mid, and high RPM ranges. Immediately after this photo is taken, fine adjustments are made to improve high-end performance.
I inspect parts immediately after receiving them. Anything wrong is corrected quickly. This prevents progress delays due to part supplier errors. Ultimately this means my customers consistently see their cars sooner than later.
Turbo's exhaust-side drive blades are visually inspected to determine immediately if, due to any damage, there's reason for replacement. These blades look good. Shaft play was checked just after this image was taken and that too reports in order. Missing stud will be replaced upon reassembly.
Brake pads fell apart upon removal from car. Should these brakes have been needed for an emergency, the corner where the loose pad material was would most likely not have worked correctly. These are economical Mintex pads---I would never recommend this type pad for a Porsche.
Transmission's magnetic drain nut is doing its job collecting worn gear metal. Given when this oil was last serviced, this transmission is experiencing normal wear.
My signature height & rake settings on a classic 930. Lowering obviously brings the car's center of gravity down. A 2-degree nose down rake improves front brake performance as the nose is already "advanced" downwards when the chassis begins a braking cycle.
Stained interior walls of this chain housing case tell of oil not being changed frequently enough---bad news for ALL lubricated parts in this engine. Compare these walls to those in the next chain housing...
'79 chain housing...6 years older than housing just seen. By comparison, these walls indicate a well cared for engine---an engine that's experienced frequent oil & filter changes. Based on lubrication care alone, there's a very high probability of all the internals of this engine being in better condition than those in the stained wall engine. (Hydrolic tensioner upgrade is seen here. An excellent decision.)
Guess how much hose there is in a 3-condenser Porsche AC system? Answer is at end of next photo's caption.
AC compressor in "black death" mode. "Black" being due to the amount of metal worn from piston failure and mixed with the system's oil. "Death" being due to incorrect---lacking---oil charge. Is not worth repairing this compressor---new unit is called for. Entire AC system must be flushed of this "oily soot" to work correctly. Then recharged with correct oil and refrigerant amounts. (Answer to question: 40+ Feet.)
Compression test in progress. Combined with a leak down, the two data sets provide a clear picture of each cylinder's sealing integrity within an engine. Only a leak down procedure reveals exactly where issues are within a given cylinder.
Customer's '74 Carrera in the Rockies. With almost 3" of ground clearance, this car corners as if on rails. The trade-off is there's very little suspension travel. This creates a very stiff ride.
Just removed 930 heads. From this engine's leak down test, we know valve seating is good but the rings are not. Further testing will be preformed to confirm this status. I'll also check guide-to-valve clearances. Stem seals are replaced by default.
Before cleaning, components are always inspected to see what evidence of anomalies may be shown by the grit & grim an engine's parts wear. If parts are cleaned before such inspections, valuable "evidence" may be lost forever.
'80 Targa top with skin & burlap removed. This is headed for a complete restoration. Worn webbing will be replaced, joints lubricated, plates repositioned to spec, new skin & cushioning, and ultimately the roof will be tuned to the car to minimize wind noise and eliminate water leaks.
Rod bearings being checked for play at the crank shaft. A specific measure of front-to-rear play of rods at the crank is acceptable. Unwanted is any lateral swing movement of the rods at their piston-ends. If there is swing, a worn rod bearing is evident.
Dismantling engines often uncovers mysteries---in this case an oddly positioned intake gasket. While this gasket has shifted slightly before this photo was taken, its original position can be detected given the gasket's intact grime line.
Where proper to apply, anti seize serves its name sake allowing parts to separate easily be it tomorrow or 10 years from now. This makes for smart mechanical servicing no matter who returns next to parts treated in this manner.
Whomever installed this engine's exhaust system last failed to correctly secure this exhaust manifold. The result is a flange leak evidenced by the soot marker on the cylinder. While an engine is installed and running, the sound this produces can be taken for a broken stud unless one knows the resonance difference between the two.
Chain house cover getting a liquid gasket application. When applied correctly, this type of "gasket" allows parts to expand & contract without the seal loosing integrity.
Fuel tank seam. In tropical climates, these seams rust predictably. Got to catch this corrosion early or an otherwise excellent tank will be ruined by its seam's deterioration alone. This tank is being attended early. Will clean and treat the seam all around, returning to the owner a fuel tank more durable than a new OEM.
Minor oil leaks in Porsche engines are typical. This is excessive and unacceptable and should (was) attended immediately. Bottom line, oil and a hot exhaust are a bad combination. This is a potential fire hazard. Would be worse if the oil return tubes were leaking. Here, they are not. Good idea to look under your engine once in a while---or have it inspected.
Crankshaft just removed from its case. There's several measurements to take after disassembling. What's found is compared to factory specs and reported to the owner. While I advise what should be done as part of this report, it's always the owner's call as to what is accomplished.
"5 Cylinder" 250k mile 911 is in to find out why and where the loss of power is. Fuel starvation is found at one cylinder. Then the root cause: an injector wire has chafed through on the air filter box rendering its cylinder useless. This wire is repaired, then rerouted to prevent a repeat performance.
Old rubber dampened clutch disks are risky. They're prone to failure and when they do fail, rubber chunks fly throughout the clutch area causing some measure of collateral damage. When replacing a worn rubber disk, I advise going with a spring dampened disk unless there's call for originality---as there sometimes is.
While exceedingly light in weight, magnesium fan housings tend to fracture over time due to operating stress.
Another view of the same fan housing. Once fractured and so weakened, tension from the alternator belt can pull a housing out of round...
Once pulled out of round enough, fan and housing meet. Contact usually occurs around 1 and/or 7 o'clock inside the house (due to the directional pull of the belt.) Contact between these parts makes a distinct bell ringing sound that's audible from inside the car when the engine is at idle...
To avoid the expense of a replacement fan, we advise not driving your car once contact between fan and housing occurs. This fan is partner to the housing just seen. The result of contact / friction is clear. Because this deterioration typically occurs at the rear edge of the blades, it's hidden from view when the fan's in operating position in the engine.
Bite in this chain house o-ring tells of an inexperienced installation. Fact is, someone qualified would sense this seal being bitten when it occurred... and should have removed and replaced it immediately.
Photos of Porsche service, repair & rebuilding performed on customer's cars and parts.
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4551 SW 71 Ave.
Bay #1, Miami, FL
GP AutoWerks is an independent Porsche service & repair shop located in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. Serving both street and race track enthusiasts, GP AutoWerks provides a full range of Porsche mechanical capabilities from simple adjustments to comprehensive engine and transmission rebuilding for both classic and contemporary Porsches. Porsche, the Porsche crest, and Porsche car model names are under licensed use by Porsche Cars North America, Inc. (PCNA) from the owner Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft, Porsche AG ("Porsche.") No association or affiliation with Porsche, PCNA or AG is intended or implied by GP AutoWerks who happens to
specialize in service, repair, PPI, modification and restoration of Porsche vehicles. Videos shown are Porsche productions presented for educational & entertainment purposes only. Permission for presentation is on file. Thank you.
Photos of Porsche service & repair, including engine & transmission rebuilds, brakes & suspension, body werks, interior, modification & restoration, and PPI work including parts and cars depict the property of GP AutoWerks' customers. All such images are used in this website with the expressed permission of GP AutoWerks' customers. Thank you.
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Happy Porsche driving! And remember to please buckle up because being glad you did is a wonderful thing ~~~
Independent Porsche Service, Repair & Rebuild Specialist
Porsche: Tune Up, Oil Change, Engine Rebuild, Transmission Rebuild,
Brakes, Suspension, Alignment, Corner Balance, Air Conditioning, PPI
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